What Are the 3 Main Types of Skiing?

Bob McNeil Jr

January 31, 2023

Bob McNeil Jr

If you’re a beginner skier, it can be confusing to decide which types of skiing is right for you. You may not be sure if you should stick with alpine, telemark or cross-country skiing! Alpine or downhill skiing, as it’s commonly known, is the most popular type. Usually done at ski resorts, this involves using either a chairlift or gondola to get up the hill, then skiing downhill.


Alpine skiing is a sport that involves skiers sliding downhill on a snow-covered mountain. It is a popular and exhilarating form of recreational skiing, often used in competitions such as the Winter Olympics. The sport is divided into racing and freestyle events.

There are a number of reasons to ski, including the opportunity to get up close to nature and improve your fitness. It is also an exercise that is good for your heart health and helps you maintain a healthy weight. It also improves your sleep quality, as well as your mood and energy levels.


Telemark is a unique style of skiing that combines the transportation and versatility of Nordic skis with the downhill capabilities and speed of alpine skiing.

It is popular among backcountry skiers as well as those who don’t want to spend all their time in resorts. It is also known for its impressive technique and has a reputation as being more elite than other styles of skiing.

A telemark turn involves lunging forward while dropping the trailing knee into a low, smooth lunge. This allows a skier to initiate a turn and then rise out of the lunge with their other leg.

Telemark skiing is an ideal way to refine your ability to ski on steeps and flats alike. As it forces you to lean back onto the center of your skis and enhances your balance and agility.


Backcountry skiing is a style of skiing that involves skiing ungroomed snow in secluded wilderness areas outside of designated ski resorts. Many people enjoy the solitude and adventure of backcountry skiing. Some seek untouched powder and aesthetic couloir lines. Others are more drawn to exploring terrain that challenges them in terms of snow conditions.

The backcountry can be an amazing place to learn new skills, build fitness and discover a deeper connection with nature. But it requires specific knowledge and decision making, as well as appropriate gear to ensure you get the most out of your experience.


Adaptive skiing allows people with disabilities to experience the fun and excitement of skiing. It helps develop balance, fitness, confidence, motivation and social skills.

Using specialized equipment, skiers with disabilities can take to the slopes in three-track, bi-ski and mono-ski styles. These athletes also use sit-ski equipment, outriggers and adaptive ski bikes to get the most out of their time on the mountain.

Taking an adaptive lesson with an instructor. They understands the participant’s disability and can assist them in learning speed and style. It is a great way to improve their skiing ability. These specialized private lessons usually cost less than group lessons and provide personalized attention from an experienced instructor.